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Script: tom’s printtab code你值得拥有

–Tom Kyte’s printtab code
比如一个查询的列很多,在命令行窗口下看的很乱,就可以用tom的printtab转换成列打印出来

SYS>select * from ts$ where ts#=1;

TS# NAME OWNER# ONLINE$ CONTENTS$ UNDOFILE# UNDOBLOCK# BLOCKSIZE INC# SCNWRP SCNBAS DFLMINEXT DFLMAXEXT DFLINIT DFLINCR DFLMINLEN
———- —————————— ———- ———- ———- ———- ———- ———- ———- ———- ———- ———- ———- ———- ———- ———-
DFLEXTPCT DFLOGGING AFFSTRENGTH BITMAPPED PLUGGED DIRECTALLOWED FLAGS PITRSCNWRP PITRSCNBAS OWNERINSTANCE BACKUPOWNER GROUPNAME
———- ———- ———– ———- ———- ————- ———- ———- ———- —————————— —————————— ——————————
SPARE1 SPARE2
———- ———-
SPARE3
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————–
SPARE4
——————-
1 UNDOTBS1 0 1 0 0 0 8192 1 0 0 1 2147483645 8 128 8
0 1 0 8 0 1 17 3 78063905
0 0

SYS>@printtab “select * from ts$ where ts#=1″
old 17: replace( ‘&1’, ‘”‘, ””),
new 17: replace( ‘select * from ts$ where ts#=1’, ‘”‘, ””),
TS# : 1
NAME : UNDOTBS1
OWNER# : 0
ONLINE$ : 1
CONTENTS$ : 0
UNDOFILE# : 0
UNDOBLOCK# : 0
BLOCKSIZE : 8192
INC# : 1
SCNWRP : 0
SCNBAS : 0
DFLMINEXT : 1
DFLMAXEXT : 2147483645
DFLINIT : 8
DFLINCR : 128
DFLMINLEN : 8
DFLEXTPCT : 0
DFLOGGING : 1
AFFSTRENGTH : 0
BITMAPPED : 8
PLUGGED : 0
DIRECTALLOWED : 1
FLAGS : 17
PITRSCNWRP : 3
PITRSCNBAS : 78063905
OWNERINSTANCE :
BACKUPOWNER :
GROUPNAME :
SPARE1 : 0
SPARE2 : 0
SPARE3 :
SPARE4 :
—————–

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

code:

set serverout on size 1000000

-- Tom Kyte's printtab code ( http://asktom.oracle.com )

declare
    l_theCursor     integer default dbms_sql.open_cursor;
    l_columnValue   varchar2(4000);
    l_status        integer;
    l_descTbl       dbms_sql.desc_tab;
    l_colCnt        number;
    procedure execute_immediate( p_sql in varchar2 )
    is
    BEGIN
        dbms_sql.parse(l_theCursor,p_sql,dbms_sql.native);
        l_status := dbms_sql.execute(l_theCursor);
    END;
begin
    execute_immediate( 'alter session set nls_date_format=
                        ''dd-mon-yyyy hh24:mi:ss'' ');
    dbms_sql.parse(  l_theCursor,
                     replace( '&1', '"', ''''),
                     dbms_sql.native );
    dbms_sql.describe_columns( l_theCursor,
                               l_colCnt, l_descTbl );
    for i in 1 .. l_colCnt loop
        dbms_sql.define_column( l_theCursor, i,
                                l_columnValue, 4000 );
    end loop;
    l_status := dbms_sql.execute(l_theCursor);
    while ( dbms_sql.fetch_rows(l_theCursor) > 0 ) loop
        for i in 1 .. l_colCnt loop
            dbms_sql.column_value( l_theCursor, i,
                                   l_columnValue );
            dbms_output.put_line
                ( rpad( l_descTbl(i).col_name,
                  30 ) || ': ' || l_columnValue );
        end loop;
        dbms_output.put_line( '-----------------' );
    end loop;
    execute_immediate( 'alter session set nls_date_format=
                           ''dd-MON-yy'' ');
exception
    when others then
        execute_immediate( 'alter session set
                         nls_date_format=''dd-MON-yy'' ');
        raise;
end;
/

















--other way procedure

create or replace
procedure print_table
( p_query in varchar2,
  p_date_fmt in varchar2 default 'dd-mon-yyyy hh24:mi:ss' )

-- this utility is designed to be installed ONCE in a database and used
-- by all.  Also, it is nice to have roles enabled so that queries by
-- DBA's that use a role to gain access to the DBA_* views still work
-- that is the purpose of AUTHID CURRENT_USER
AUTHID CURRENT_USER
is
    l_theCursor     integer default dbms_sql.open_cursor;
    l_columnValue   varchar2(4000);
    l_status        integer;
    l_descTbl       dbms_sql.desc_tab;
    l_colCnt        number;
    l_cs            varchar2(255);
    l_date_fmt      varchar2(255);

    -- small inline procedure to restore the sessions state
    -- we may have modified the cursor sharing and nls date format
    -- session variables, this just restores them
    procedure restore
    is
    begin
       if ( upper(l_cs) not in ( 'FORCE','SIMILAR' ))
       then
           execute immediate
           'alter session set cursor_sharing=exact';
       end if;
       if ( p_date_fmt is not null )
       then
           execute immediate
               'alter session set nls_date_format=''' || l_date_fmt || '''';
       end if;
       dbms_sql.close_cursor(l_theCursor);
    end restore;
begin
    -- I like to see the dates print out with times, by default, the
    -- format mask I use includes that.  In order to be "friendly"
    -- we save the date current sessions date format and then use
    -- the one with the date and time.  Passing in NULL will cause
    -- this routine just to use the current date format
    if ( p_date_fmt is not null )
    then
       select sys_context( 'userenv', 'nls_date_format' )
         into l_date_fmt
         from dual;

       execute immediate
       'alter session set nls_date_format=''' || p_date_fmt || '''';
    end if;

    -- to be bind variable friendly on this ad-hoc queries, we
    -- look to see if cursor sharing is already set to FORCE or
    -- similar, if not, set it so when we parse -- literals
    -- are replaced with binds
    if ( dbms_utility.get_parameter_value
         ( 'cursor_sharing', l_status, l_cs ) = 1 )
    then
        if ( upper(l_cs) not in ('FORCE','SIMILAR'))
        then
            execute immediate
           'alter session set cursor_sharing=force';
        end if;
    end if;

    -- parse and describe the query sent to us.  we need
    -- to know the number of columns and their names.
    dbms_sql.parse(  l_theCursor,  p_query, dbms_sql.native );
    dbms_sql.describe_columns
    ( l_theCursor, l_colCnt, l_descTbl );

    -- define all columns to be cast to varchar2's, we
    -- are just printing them out
    for i in 1 .. l_colCnt loop
        if ( l_descTbl(i).col_type not in ( 113 ) )
        then
            dbms_sql.define_column
            (l_theCursor, i, l_columnValue, 4000);
        end if;
    end loop;

    -- execute the query, so we can fetch
    l_status := dbms_sql.execute(l_theCursor);

    -- loop and print out each column on a separate line
    -- bear in mind that dbms_output only prints 255 characters/line
    -- so we'll only see the first 200 characters by my design...
    while ( dbms_sql.fetch_rows(l_theCursor) > 0 )
    loop
        for i in 1 .. l_colCnt loop
            if ( l_descTbl(i).col_type not in ( 113 ) )
            then
                dbms_sql.column_value
                ( l_theCursor, i, l_columnValue );
                dbms_output.put_line
                ( rpad( l_descTbl(i).col_name, 30 )
                || ': ' ||
                substr( l_columnValue, 1, 200 ) );
            end if;
        end loop;
        dbms_output.put_line( '-----------------' );
    end loop;

    -- now, restore the session state, no matter what
    restore;
exception
    when others then
        restore;
        raise;
end;
/
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